GDP Vs. GNP: What Are The Differences?

Both GDP and GNP measure economic strength and size. GDP stands for ‘Gross Domestic Product’ and GNP stands for ‘Gross National Product’. The differences between the two include how they are calculated and the ways that they are used.

What is GDP?

GDP is an estimated value of a country’s total worth of services and production. This includes all services and production within its boundary performed by its nationals and foreigners. It is calculated over the course of one year.

In other words, it calculates all the income that is earned within the country. It also takes into account income that is paid to foreign citizens.

What is GNP?

GNP is an estimated value of a country’s total worth of services and production. This includes all services and production performed by the citizens of that country within its borders and/or on foreign land. GNP is calculated over the course of one year.

What’s The Difference Between Roth and Traditional TSP?

Calculation

GDP = consumption + investment + government spending + (exports – imports)

GNP = GDP + NR – NP

NR is the net income flow from assets abroad or more commonly known as Net Income Receipts.

NP is the net payment outflow to foreign assets.

Why it is used

GDP is used by countries to see the strength of their local economy. GNP is used to see how the nationals within a country are doing economically. Countries will use this to determine the economic stability of their citizens within their borders and those living abroad.

Difference Between Accrued Expenses and Accounts Payable

Key Differences between GDP and GNP

The below GDP vs GNP comparison table highlights the key differences again.

GNP

• Includes all services and production within its boundary performed by its nationals and foreigners.
• Includes all services and production performed by the citizens of that country within its borders and/or on foreign land.
• GDP = consumption + investment + government spending + (exports – imports).

• GNP = GDP + NR – NP.

• Used by countries to see the strength of their local economy.
• Used to see how the nationals within a country are doing economically